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Home      20 Conditions of Racial Inequality

Twenty Conditions of Racial Inequality

   These numbers remain staggering and entirely unacceptable…

                                                                                      Black                      White

1.     Median wealth (2005 dollars)                         $10,000                $109,000

2.     Poverty rate %                                              24.5                       8.2

3.     Children in poverty %                                     33.0                       9.5

4.     Unemployment rate %                                    10.1                       5.2

5.     Homicide Rate (per 100,000)                           20.6                       3.3

6.     Homicide Rate – male (per 100,000)                 39.7                       5.4

7.     Homicide rate – female (per 100,000)               6.2                         1.9

8.     Incarceration rate (prisoners per 100,000)         2,142                     332

9.     Incarceration rate – male (prisoners per 100,000) 3,138                  481

10.   Incarceration rate – female (prisoners per 100,000) 150                  50

11.   Firearms deaths – Ages 15-24 (per 100,000)      90.4                      13.9

12.   Firearms deaths – Ages 25-34 (per 100,000)      92.8                      17.0

13.   AIDS cases per 100,000 males age 13+             82.9                     11.2

14.   AIDS cases per 100,000 females age 13+          40.4                      1.9

15.   Maternal mortality per 100,000 live births          31.7                      9.6

[Source for 1-15, The State of Black America 2009, published by the Urban League]

16.  Long term poverty is rare among whites – fewer than 1 percent are poor for ten years or more – but common among black children, 29 percent of whom are poor for ten years or more.

17.  Poor black children are less likely to escape poverty than poor whites.  One in three poor black children are still poor at age twenty-five to twenty-seven, compared to one in fourteen whites.

[Source for 16-17, Mary Corcoran, “Mobility, Persistence, and the Consequences of Poverty for Children: Child and Adult Outcomes,” in Understanding Poverty. Edited by Sheldon H. Danziger and Robert H. Haveman (New York: The Russell Sage Foundation, 2001), 127-161.

18.  Blacks constitute only 14% of all drug users nationally, they account for 35% of all drug arrests, 55% of all drug convictions, and 75% of all prison admissions for drug offenses.

19.  The racial proportions of those under some kind of correctional supervision, including parole and probation, are 1 in 15 for young white males, 1 in 10 for young Latino males, and 1in 3 for young black males.

[Source for 18-19, Manning Marable, The Great Wells of Democracy: The Meaning of Race in American Life (New York: Basic Books, 2002) 153-154.

20.  Nationally, “the average black family earning more than $60,000 a year lives in a neighborhood with a higher poverty rate and lower educational attainment than the average white family earning less than $30,000.”

[Source for 20, Xavier de Sousa Briggs, “More Pluribus, Less Unum?  The Changing Geography of Race and Opportunity,” in The Geography of Opportunity: Race and Housing Choice in America (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2005) 7-8.
 
So, if these numbers are unacceptable, who is responsible for them?  I have given this question some preliminary thought here.